Over the years, the process of adoption has seen many new changes. These changes have come in more specifically with adoption agencies coming into the picture. In the current scenario, it becomes important for us to understand the role of an adoption agency in child adoption.
A child who has no family of any sort (a child who is an orphan) needs to be placed in an adoption setup; however, till such an adoption takes place, the living place of an orphan child is referred to as an orphanage. Therefore, it seems obvious to many that people should approach an orphanage in order to adopt a child. However, it is important to understand that an orphanage is not necessarily an adoption agency.
Adoption agencies or placement agencies are people who exclusively deal with placing an orphan for adoption. If a child is found abandoned, the adoption agency takes the child through several legal steps before it can declare him or her free for adoption by another party (a family).
An adoption agency is a business that is licensed by the state to facilitate the placement of children into adoptive homes with some competent agencies licensed in more than one state. A big number of these private adoption agencies are non-profit, which means that they channel all the surplus revenue back into the organization at the end of every fiscal year. Adoption agencies are typically focused on counseling services and have the expertise and knowledge resources to conduct home studies, relinquishments and post placement visits. At times, they can even assist you with locating a birthparent with the help of their own marketing channels. Again, their services are not to be confused with that of an adoption facilitator. An adoption facilitator can assist adoptive families in searching for a birthparent. Facilitators are not licensed or regulated by the state and cannot assist beyond the point of matching birthparents with adoptive families. The exact regulations might vary from state to state.
Adoption agencies have a whole lot of responsibility on their shoulders. An adoption agency is responsible for care, protection and well-being of every child in its care and it has to cater to their health needs. At times there are children with special needs for whom the agency takes special care to fulfil their emotional and psychological needs. At the same time, children must be attended to in regard to their educational and training needs as well as leisure and recreational activities. They must be protected from all kinds of abuse, neglect and exploitation.
The agency takes due responsibility for restoring the child to his or her parent(s) soon after the child’s admission to the institution, provided that such restoration is in the best interest of the child. Whenever a new child is admitted to their care, the adoption agency automatically becomes responsible for the birth registration of that child.
An adoption agency cannot deny registration to any PAP(s) unless the defined conditions by the State laws or regulatory authorities are not fulfilled or required documents not submitted within a reasonable time. They are also required to conduct timely and well-organized home study of the prospective adoptive parents that are registered with them and record their observations in the reports.
Regarding the child who is likely to be adopted, the agency must provide information about the medical history to the PAP(s) and advise them to have the child’s medical assessment done by their own doctor as well. In case of children with special needs, the agency is expected to duly share all the necessary information regarding the child’s care and needs.
After successfully fulfilling all the adoption requirements and formalities for the child in question, the adoption agency also renders post adoption services to the new parents such as counseling them regarding the care of the child and the parents’ rearing up responsibilities. The role of the agency also revolve around assessing the parents on certain aspects or factors to ensure their readiness for a child’s adoption and care. These aspects include:
Each year, the number of adoptions taking place in America grows bigger as more and more families are created through the miracle of adoption. Likewise, we have seen a tremendous increase in the number of adoption agencies in San Antonio. For these adoption agencies, it is more of a sincere pleasure to be assisting thousands of families along their adoption journey.